Free Syrian Army fighters stand guard in Aleppo’s Karm al-Jabal neighborhood, as light enters through a wall peppered by shrapnel.
In July, the rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA) entered Aleppo, Syria’s largest city and commercial capital. Rebel-held neighborhoods, initially in southwest Aleppo and later throughout the city, became battlefields, as government forces attempted to regain control.
Both rebel and regime forces deployed snipers, and the national army made use of heavy artillery and air power to bombard occupied areas. A UN-brokered ceasefire in late October was not honored by either side, and casualties rose steeply in November.
Javier Manzano is a photojournalist and filmmaker based in the United States. Born in Mexico, Manzano moved with his family to the US at the age of 18. To a large extent, Manzano's work has focused on the many cross-border issues that bind these two nations together - as estranged neighbors, vital partners and at times feeble associates. His career started in the newspaper industry as a photo- and videojournalist, and later expanded into television and electronic media. The Rocky Mountain News, Manzano's last employer, closed its doors in February of 2009.